Cardiovascular disease and diabetes are a growing problem around the world and both considered leading causes of death in the United States. Cardiovascular disease is often not diagnosed until it advances to causing serious problems such as heart attacks. Diabetes can greatly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease so diagnoses is important. Metabolic syndrome is a relatively easy way to predict who is at risk of these diseases or to make an early diagnoses. The syndrome is diagnosed in patients that meet 3 or more criteria relating to obesity, blood pressure, triglycerides, cholesterol, and glucose in an individual. Calcium scores, a result of a specific body scan, are a good indicator of cardiovascular disease but are not commonly performed. Metabolic syndrome can be diagnosed using information from a routine physical with blood work. This paper observed the prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome in a cohort of police officers who responded to the September 11th attack at the World Trade Center in New York City. In our study population, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 26%. We also found a correlation between calcium scores and the number of metabolic syndrome criteria met; patients meeting all 5 criteria had significantly higher calcium scores with a p-value of .02 and 95% confidence interval of 1.084-2.583.
|Advisor:||McLaughlin, Mary Ann, Barnhart, Stephanie|
|School:||Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Environmental Health, Public health|
|Keywords:||9/11, Metabolic syndrome, World trade|
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