The purpose of the study was to determine whether family and peer risk and protective factors predicted alcohol, marijuana and cigarette use as well as alcohol-related problems among 6th, 8th, and 10th grade students. This study also determined whether age moderated the relation between family and peer influences and substance use outcomes. Results demonstrated that peer alcohol use, peer positive alcohol use attitudes, and family history of drug and alcohol problems were associated with higher alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use, as well as alcohol-related problems. Conversely, parental monitoring and peer negative alcohol use attitudes were associated with lower alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use, as well as alcohol dependence. Moderation analyses demonstrated that among older adolescents’ social risk and protective factors were associated with higher or lower substance use, respectively. However, younger adolescents’ reported lower substance use, regardless of the level of the social influence. Implications regarding prevention programs are discussed.
|Commitee:||Juliano, Laura, Kearns, David|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Area Planning and Development, Behavioral psychology, Individual & family studies|
|Keywords:||Adolescent, Moderation, Parents, Peers, Risk and protective factors, Substance use|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be