Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Staff nurse perceptions' of nurse manager caring behaviors: Psychometric testing of the Caring Assessment Tool-Administration (CAT-adm©)
by Wolverton, Cheryl Lynn, Ph.D., Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, 2016, 123; 10133766
Abstract (Summary)

Caring relationships established between nurse managers and staff nurses promote positive work environments. However, research about staff nurses’ perceptions of nurse manager caring behaviors is limited. A 94-item Caring Assessment Tool-Administration (CAT-adm©) was developed to measure staff nurses’ perceptions of nurse managers’ caring behaviors; however, it lacked robust psychometric testing. This study was undertaken to establish the CAT-adm© survey as a reliable and valid tool to measure staff nurses’ perceptions of nurse managers’ caring behaviors.

The Quality-Caring Model® (QCM®) served as the theoretical framework. Specific aims were to 1) evaluate construct validity of the CAT-adm© survey by describing factors that account for variance in staff nurses' perceptions of nurse manager caring, 2) estimate internal consistency, and 3) conduct item reduction analysis. Four research questions were: 1) Will the factor structure of observed data fit an 8-factor solution? 2) What is the internal consistency reliability of the CAT- adm©? 3) What items can be reduced while maintaining an acceptable factor structure? and 4) What are staff nurses’ perceptions of nurse manager caring behaviors?

A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. A sample of 703 staff nurses from Midwestern, Midatlantic and Southern Regions of the U.S. completed the CAT-adm© survey electronically. Analysis included Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), univariate analysis, and descriptive statistics. CFA did not support an 8-factor solution. EFA supported a two-factor solution and demonstrated significant shared variance between the two factors. This shared variance supported a one-factor solution that could conceptually be labeled Caring Behaviors. Random selection reduced the scale to 25-items while maintaining a Cronbach’s Alpha of .98. Using the new 25-item scale, the composite score mean of staff nurses’ perceptions of nurse manager caring behaviors indicated a moderately high level of caring. Suggestions for nursing administration, nurse manager practice, leadership, education and for future research were given.

The new 25-item CAT-adm© survey has acceptable reliability and validity. The 25-item CAT-adm© survey provides hospital administrators, nurse managers, and researchers with an instrument to collect valuable information about the caring behaviors used by nurse managers in relationship with staff nurses.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Lasiter, Sue
Commitee: Duffy, Joanne R., Haas, Ain, McDaniel, Anna M., Weaver, Michael T.
School: Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Department: Nursing Science
School Location: United States -- Indiana
Source: DAI-B 77/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing, Quantitative psychology, Health care management
Keywords: Caring Assessment Tool - adm, Caring behaviors, Caring relationships, Positive work environment, Staff nurse perceptions - nurse manager, Staff nurse-nurse manager relationship
Publication Number: 10133766
ISBN: 978-1-339-92322-2
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