Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Influence of nitrogen and sink competition on shoot growth of poplar
by Egekwu, Chioma, M.S., University of Maryland, College Park, 2016, 109; 10130093
Abstract (Summary)

Terrestrial and oceanic biomass carbon sinks help reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions and mitigate the long-term effect of increasing atmospheric CO2. Woody plants have large carbon pools because of their long residence time, however N availability can negatively impact tree responses to elevated CO2. Seasonal cycling of internal N in trees is a component that contributes to fitness especially in N limited environments. It involves resorption from senescing leaves of deciduous trees and storage as vegetative storage proteins (VSP) in perennial organs. Populus is a model organism for tree biology that efficiently recycles N. Bark storage proteins (BSP) are the most abundant VSP that serves as seasonal N reserves. Here I show how poplar growth is influenced by N availability and how growth is influenced by shoot competition for stored N reserves. I also provide data that indicates that auxin mediates BSP catabolism during renewed shoot growth. Understanding the components of N accumulation, remobilization and utilization can provide insights leading to increasing N use efficiency (NUE) of perennial plants.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Coleman, Gary D.
Commitee: Murphy, Angus S., Peer, Wendy A.
School: University of Maryland, College Park
Department: Plant Science and Landscape Architecture
School Location: United States -- Maryland
Source: MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Plant sciences
Keywords: Auxin, Bark storage proteins, Nitrogen, Nutrient recycling, Perennials, Poplar, Renewed shoot growth
Publication Number: 10130093
ISBN: 978-1-339-87956-7
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