Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most challenging children’s public health concerns today. Children diagnosed with ADHD struggle more academically and are at a significant risk of lower academic achievement, increased grade-level retention, and additional diagnoses of learning disabilities. Symptoms of ADHD primarily arise from deficits in specific executive function (EF) domains, one of which is working memory (WM). Children diagnosed are impaired on tasks that specifically measure WM capacity and short-term visuo-spatial memory. In this study, four fifth-grade students diagnosed with ADHD were administered a variety of assessments. WM was measured through a math vocabulary recall, visuo-spatial WM via a computerized Corsi Block Tapping Test, and WM capacity was assessed through an Operation Span Task. In addition, on-task behavior was determined using the partial interval recording process with overall mathematical skill based knowledge being evaluated through a pre and post assessment. Using the ABAB Withdrawal Single-Case Research Design, a 10-min intervention of short burst high intensity exercise was introduced. Participants were assessed each session (daily) and exhibited improvement on all measurements during the intervention conditions of the study.
The results suggest that a vigorous 10-min daily regime of short-burst-high-intensity exercise improves the working memory and on-task behavior of preadolescent children diagnosed with ADHD.
|Commitee:||Cantrell, Rita, O'Keefe, Kathleen, Southall, Candice|
|School Location:||United States -- Georgia|
|Source:||DAI-B 77/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Neurosciences, Cognitive psychology|
|Keywords:||Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Executive function, Exercise, Visuo-spatial working memory, Working memory, Working memory capacity|
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