Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Native American youth and suicide: Mediators and moderators of the relationship between being Native American and suicidality
by Woodland, Juanita M., Ph.D., Widener University, 2015, 84; 10103761
Abstract (Summary)

Native American Adolescents between 15 and 24 years of age have the highest rate of suicide compared to their other race peers in the same age group. Recent statistics provided by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that in 2011, Native American males between ages 15 and 24 had a suicide rate of 22.8 per 100,000, as compared to white males, 14.3 per 100,000, and black males, 6.3 per 100,000 of the same age (CDC, 2014). Native American females had a rate of 8.0 per 100,000 deaths compared to 3.8 per 100,000 for white females and 2.0 per 100,000 for black females respectively (CDC, 2014).

A collection of factors such as prolonged generational trauma, substance abuse, untreated mental illness and depression leads to high suicide rates in Native Americans. Using Durkheim’s work on suicide as a framework, this study utilizes the National Youth Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) to examine the way in which trauma, depression, substance use, and mental health issues impact the high Native American adolescents’ suicide rate. An in depth analysis of each factor is provided as well as a discussion of the findings. The dissertation also offers conclusions and social work implications of the study.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kauffman, Stephen
Commitee: Johnson, Celeste, Rosier, Paul C.
School: Widener University
Department: Social Work
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-A 77/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social work, Native American studies
Keywords: Alcohol, Boarding schools, Drug use, Native American, Suicide, Youth
Publication Number: 10103761
ISBN: 978-1-339-67305-9
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