Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Multiscale modeling of interwoven Kevlar fibers based on random walk to predict yarn structural response
by Recchia, Stephen, Ph.D., Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick, 2016, 109; 10095960
Abstract (Summary)

Kevlar is the most common high-end plastic filament yarn used in body armor, tire reinforcement, and wear resistant applications. Kevlar is a trade name for an aramid fiber. These are fibers in which the chain molecules are highly oriented along the fiber axis, so the strength of the chemical bond can be exploited. The bulk material is extruded into filaments that are bound together into yarn, which may be chorded with other materials as in car tires, woven into a fabric, or layered in an epoxy to make composite panels. The high tensile strength to low weight ratio makes this material ideal for designs that decrease weight and inertia, such as automobile tires, body panels, and body armor. For designs that use Kevlar, increasing the strength, or tenacity, to weight ratio would improve performance or reduce cost of all products that are based on this material.

This thesis computationally and experimentally investigates the tenacity and stiffness of Kevlar yarns with varying twist ratios. The test boundary conditions were replicated with a geometrically accurate finite element model, resulting in a customized code that can reproduce tortuous filaments in a yarn was developed. The solid model geometry capturing filament tortuosity was implemented through a random walk method of axial geometry creation. A finite element analysis successfully recreated the yarn strength and stiffness dependency observed during the tests. The physics applied in the finite element model was reproduced in an analytical equation that was able to predict the failure strength and strain dependency of twist ratio. The analytical solution can be employed to optimize yarn design for high strength applications.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor:
Commitee:
School: Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
Department: Material Science and Engineering
School Location: United States -- New Jersey
Source: DAI-B 77/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Mechanical engineering, Materials science
Keywords: 600 denier, Aramid fibers, Fibrous structure, Finite element analysis, Kevlar km2, Representative volume element
Publication Number: 10095960
ISBN: 978-1-339-60116-8
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