Literature extolling the psychological benefits of self-forgiveness is robust, yet there are no evidence-based models for facilitating self-forgiveness in individual psychotherapy. Further, there is no consensus in the literature on the definition of self-forgiveness. This quantitative, survey-based study examined licensed clinicians’ (N=57) perceptions of the efficacy of self-forgiveness treatment interventions, their preferred definitions of self-forgiveness, and how frequently treatment methodologies were utilized. Correlational analyses examined the relationship between clinicians’ definitions, perceptions of efficacy, and frequencies of use of self-forgiveness methods and the clinicians’ demographic factors (theoretical orientation, type of licensure, age, years of clinical experience, and type of training). Hong and Jacinto’s (2012) definition was the most frequently chosen (36.8%), followed by Hulnick and Hulnick’s (2011) definition (35.1%). Most clinicians (57.9%) were not familiar with any of the various treatment methods. Among clinicians familiar enough to rate the methods, Hulnick and Hulnick’s (2011) method received the highest efficacy rating (M = 4.11, SD = 1.17), followed by Enright et al. (1996) method (M = 3.67, SD = 0.71). The most frequently used were Jacinto and Edwards’ (2011) method ( M = 2.09, SD = 1.35) and Hulnick and Hulnick’s (2011) method (M = 2.04, SD = 1.58). Correlations were significant for theoretical orientation and source of training; theoretical orientation provided the largest explanation for variance. Implications for future research, clinical training, and development of evidence-based treatment modalities are discussed. Linkage between self-forgiveness and remediating shame, recidivism, spiritual psychology, and Jungian psychology are reviewed. Keywords: self-forgiveness, psychotherapy, counseling psychology, spiritual psychology, quantitative study
|Commitee:||Paul, Bonnie, Sloan, Lisa|
|School:||Pacifica Graduate Institute|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 77/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Counseling Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Counseling psychology, Forgiveness, Psychotherapy, Self-forgiveness, Spiritual psychology|
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