The objective of this research was to characterize the seawater transport and its effect on the transverse tensile strength of a carbon/vinylester composite. The moisture contents of neat vinylester and unidirectional carbon/vinylester composite panels immersed in seawater were monitored until saturation. A model for moisture up-take was developed based on superposition of Fickian diffusion, and Darcy’s law for capillary transport of water. Both the predicted and measured saturation times increased with increasing panel size, however the diffusion model predicts much longer times while the capillary model predicts shorter time than observed experimentally. It was also found that the saturation moisture content decreased with increasing panel size. Testing of macroscopic and miniature composite transverse tensile specimens, and SEM failure inspection revealed more fiber/matrix debonding in the seawater saturated composite than the dry composite, consistent with a slightly reduced transverse tensile strength.
|Advisor:||Carlsson, Leif A.|
|School:||Florida Atlantic University|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||MAI 55/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mechanical engineering, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Capillary uptake, Carbon fiber, Transverse tensile, Vinylester, Voids, Water absorption|
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