Research on temperament and the development of behavioral problems across cultures often focuses on comparisons of vastly different countries, such as North American and Asian countries. The present study compares toddler samples from two Western countries, which are considered primarily individualistic in value orientation: the U.S. and Germany (N=100). Results suggest differences in mother’s descriptions of child temperament in the two samples. In addition, results obtained via caregiver interviews and observations of parent child interactions indicated a stronger emphasis on childrearing values reflecting independence for U.S. mothers, with German mothers favoring comparably more interdependence in their offspring. Finally, associations of temperament and behavioral problems were found to be distinct across countries and culture was identified as a moderator in respect to Positive Anticipation, predicting externalizing behavior in the U.S. sample at higher levels. Results were interpreted in light of the concept of the developmental niche and cross-cultural value models, relevant to the two cultures compared in this study. This study offers a significant contribution to our understanding of culturally different avenues in the development of early behavioral problems, and likely subsequent mental health problems over the life span. This is a particularly timely issue given increasing globalization and intercultural exchange.
|Commitee:||Kwon, Paul, Strand, Paul|
|School:||Washington State University|
|Department:||Psychology - Clinical|
|School Location:||United States -- Washington|
|Source:||DAI-B 77/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Behavioral difficulties, Cross-cultural, Developmental niche, Temperament|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be