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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Comparison of Empathy Scores in RN-BSN Students before and after Compassionate Care Course
by Miller, Michele Terney, D.N.P., Carlow University, 2016, 98; 10016589
Abstract (Summary)

The American Nurses Association (ANA) proposes an ethical obligation for nurses to deliver compassionate care as found in Provision I of the ANA Code of Ethics. Understanding the stages of suffering and implementing unique nursing care interventions is vital when delivering patient centered care. Although research regarding self-reported empathy scores is available, limited research involved an educational intervention with concepts of suffering, compassion, care, and empathy.

Utilizing Janice Morse’s Praxis Theory of Suffering and Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring, the researcher developed a two credit elective Compassionate Care Course for RN-BSN students at a mid-western liberal arts University. Nine students enrolled with eight students completing the course. From the same cohort of students, the researcher recruited a control group. This quasi-experimental pilot study utilized the Jefferson Scale of Empathy- Health Professional Student (JSE-HPS) version as the measurement instrument. Although the mean and medians scores of the experimental group improved from the pre-course survey to the post-course survey, at the bivariate level of analysis there were no significant findings from the independent samples t-test, Chi-Square test, or correlation analysis of empathy scores.

The methodology of the study limited the results to quantitative data. After a review of the completed course assignments, qualitative findings were evident. In the discovery of a holistic approach to understanding and applying the concepts of suffering and compassionate care in order to create empathetic responses for use in nursing practice, the qualitative approach may provide valuable findings that quantitative results cannot reflect.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Miketic, Joyce K.
Commitee: Gray, Sonja, Schwartz, Harriet
School: Carlow University
Department: Nursing Practice
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-B 77/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Health sciences, Nursing
Keywords: Compassion, Empathy, Pilot study, Praxis theory of suffering, Suffering, Theory of human caring
Publication Number: 10016589
ISBN: 978-1-339-49660-3
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