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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Sphingolipids and the Control of Fatty Acid Synthesis
by Olson, Daniel K., Ph.D., Yale University, 2015, 72; 10013003
Abstract (Summary)

Sphingolipids (SL) are essential components of eukaryotic cells involved maintaining membrane integrity. They are important for membrane trafficking and function in signaling as messenger molecules. SLs are synthesized de novo from very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) and sphingoid long-chain bases (LCB), which are amide-linked to form ceramide and further processed by addition of various head-groups. Little is known concerning the regulation of VLCFA levels and how cells coordinate their synthesis with the availability of LCBs for SL synthesis. Here I show that Elo2, a key enzyme of VLCFA synthesis, is controlled by signaling of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Rom2, initiating at the plasma membrane. This pathway controls Elo2 phosphorylation state and VLCFA synthesis. My data identify a regulatory mechanism for coordinating VLCFA synthesis with SL metabolism and link signal transduction pathways from the plasma membrane to the regulation of lipids for membrane homeostasj.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Walther, Tobias
School: Yale University
School Location: United States -- Connecticut
Source: DAI-B 77/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Biology, Cellular biology, Biochemistry
Keywords: Fatty Acid Metabolism, Fatty Acids, Phosphoproteomics, Phosphorylation, Sphingolipid, Very Long Chain Fatty Acids
Publication Number: 10013003
ISBN: 978-1-339-47829-6
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