Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Numerical prediction of the spatial and temporal characteristics of the aero-optical disturbance produced by a helicopter in hover
by Kelly, Ryan T., Ph.D., University of Notre Dame, 2015, 210; 3746517
Abstract (Summary)

Aero-optical disturbances produced from turbulent compressible flow-fields can seriously degrade the performance of an optical signal. At compressible flight speeds these disturbances stem from the density variations present in turbulent boundary layers and free shear layers; however helicopters typically operate at incompressible speeds, which nearly eliminates the aberrating effect of these flows. For helicopter platforms the sources of aberration originate from the high subsonic flow-field near the rotor blade tips in the form of rotor-tip vortices and from the high temperatures of the engine effluence. During hover the shed rotor-tip vortices and engine effluence convect with the rotor wake encircling the airframe and subsequently a helicopter mounted optical system.

The aero-optical effects of the wake beneath a hovering helicopter were analyzed using a combination of Unsteady RANS (URANS) and Large-Eddy Simulations (LES). The spatial and temporal characteristics of the numerical optical wavefronts were compared to full-scale aero-optic experimental measurements. The results indicate that the turbulence of the rotor-tip vortices contributes to the higher order aberrations measured experimentally and that the thermal exhaust plumes effectively limit the optical field-of-regard to forward- and side-looking beam directions. This information along with the computed optical aberrations of the wake can be used to guide the development of adaptive-optic systems or other beam-control approaches.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Rennie, Mark, Eric Jumper
School: University of Notre Dame
Department: Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
School Location: United States -- Indiana
Source: DAI-B 77/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Aerospace engineering
Keywords: Aero-optics, Computational fluid dynamics, Helicopter, Les, Simulation, Urans
Publication Number: 3746517
ISBN: 978-1-339-39951-5
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