Recent motor control literature has demonstrated that using verbal cues to direct a performer’s attention externally (i.e. toward movement outcome) enhances motor skill performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate how an athlete’s focus of attention impacts kinematic performance of the snatch. 12 competitively trained athletes performed blocks of 3 snatch repetitions at 80% 1RM following internal and external instructions. The results indicated that athletes adopting an internal focus increased elbow velocity relative to an external, while an external focus increased horizontal barbell velocity. Internal cues resulted in larger BCH angles at the max height (MH), relative to external, indicating that the athletes are squatting under the barbell too soon. This information adds to the literature suggesting small changes in coaching cues can impact performance significantly. It is recommended that coaches use cues that direct an athlete’s attention externally, toward the movement outcome, rather than the action itself.
|Commitee:||Becker, James, Hiegel, Jamie|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Coaching, Motor control, Motor learning, Strength and conditioning, Verbal instructions, Weightlifting|
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