Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The role of language profiles in complex driving environments
by Chong De La Cruz, Isis Arlen, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2016, 100; 10007414
Abstract (Summary)

Bilinguals have been found to outperform monolinguals across a variety of cognitive tasks (e.g., Bialystok, Craik, & Luk, 2008). Research regarding the generalizability of the bilingual advantage in driving, however, has not been conclusive (Chong & Strybel, 2015; Telner, Wiesenthal, Bialystok, & York, 2008). This study aimed to investigate differences in monolingual and bilingual performance in a simulated driving task. The Lane Change Test (LCT) was used to assess driving performance in the presence of a peripheral detection task (PDT), delayed digit recall task (2-back task), and visuospatial task (clock task). Results demonstrated that both monolinguals and bilinguals performed equally across all tasks. Completing a cognitive task, however, was found to be detrimental to both driving and the detection of peripheral stimuli. Given the controversial nature of the bilingual advantage, possible explanations for the null results obtained for the two language profiles are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Strybel, Thomas Z.
Commitee: Maxfield, Lisa, Vu, Kim-Phuong L.
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Bilingual education, Linguistics, Experimental psychology, Cognitive psychology
Keywords: Bilingual, Distraction, Driving, Monolingual, Peripheral detection tasks
Publication Number: 10007414
ISBN: 978-1-339-44774-2
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