Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Major and Trace Elements Associated with Kerogen in the Eagle Ford Shale
by VanHazebroeck, Ethan J., M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2015, 125; 10002399
Abstract (Summary)

Despite an increased interest in exploitation of hydrocarbon source rock resource plays, there remains an incomplete understanding of organic and inorganic component interaction within source rocks. Few studies have been conducted concerning the associations between organic and inorganic geochemistry for the purposes of understanding kerogen type, thermal maturity influence, and paleoredox setting. This investigation’s goal was evaluating these relationships with samples from the Eagle Ford Formation using organic data, obtained by Rock-Eval pyrolysis and oxidation, and inorganic data, obtained using high-temperature and pressure leaching experiments. The study additionally tested various parameters for whole rock batch leaching, including time, temperature of leaching, and use of acids. The most successful leaching technique was applied to samples that (1) had first been subjected to Rock-Eval pyrolysis, at three different maximum temperatures (450°C, 550°C, and 650°C), as well as (2) samples that had not been subjected to pyrolysis. As different kerogen fractions were destroyed at these different temperatures, variances in elemental concentrations leached from these samples could be attributed, at least partially, to these fractions. Using this approach, the lower molecular weight kerogen fraction contained most of the elements likely attributable to carbonates and sulfides associated with the kerogen (e.g., Ca, Mg, Mn, Mo, P, S, Sr, Zn). The higher molecular weight portion contained more elements probably attributable to clays, quartz, and other clastic minerals (e.g., Al, Fe, K, Si). An evaluation of the overall element chemistry of the rock paired with Rock-Eval parameters showed (1) major/trace elements varied according to amount and type of organic carbon in the Eagle Ford samples, (2) relative abundances of certain major/trace elements were useful proxies for bulk mineralogy and depositional environment, and (3) relationships between certain clay-related major and trace elements and Tmax values suggesting clays and trace elements acted to catalyze the cracking of the kerogen.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Borrok, David
Commitee: Lock, Brian, Schubert, Brian
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Geology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Geology, Petroleum Geology, Geochemistry
Keywords: Batch leaching, Eagle ford shale, Kerogen, Rock-eval, Trace element, Whole rock pyrolysis
Publication Number: 10002399
ISBN: 9781339419091
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