Spatial metaphors are commonly used by individuals to represent and reason about time. In English, such spatial metaphors are arranged primarily along the sagittal axis (e.g., “Looking forward to tonight’s dinner”; Radden, 2004). These metaphors are often paired with gestures when people talk about time that reveal the possible axes along which an indvidual’s internal conceptualisation of time may be aligned against (e.g., gesturing towards the space in front when talking about a future-related subject; Casasanto & Jasmin, 2012). Previous experimental investigations that employed the response congruency methodology as their means of investigation have found that time is represented along the lateral axis in English speakers with the past on the left and the future on the right, despite an absence of metaphors arraying time along this axis. In such investigations (e.g., Lai & Boroditsky, 2013), participants were required to respond in conventional ways for some blocks (with the past on the left and the future on the right), and non-conventional ways in others (past on the right, future on the left). An issue faced by these studies is the usage of a forced spatialization of responses as a proxy to investigate space-time associations in the mind. This usage of such specific motor responses along the lateral plane may emphasize and predispose participants into adopting this plane for temporal representation. As such, their findings could have been a result of their experimental methodology, rather than how time is actually represented in the minds. Ultimately, however, a mode of response is necessary in order to tap the temporal representations that exist in the mind. A priming paradigm using temporal gestures as primes was proposed as an alternative means to investigate how time is represented in the minds. By shifting the congruency effect to an earlier point in the processing stream while keeping responses constant, the advantages of the priming paradigm may be accrued and temporal concepts in the mind can be accessed directly. Participants made temporal classifications of words after watching a gestural prime. Results revealed effects of congruency along the sagittal axis, but not the lateral axis. This suggests that individuals primarily represent time along the sagittal axis when not constrained by a particular response format. Implications for models of how individuals represent time as well as methods of investigating how time is represented in the mind are discussed.
|School:||National University of Singapore (Singapore)|
|School Location:||Republic of Singapore|
|Source:||MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be