Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfers in Porous Media
by Spezia, Kyle, M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2015, 51; 10003759
Abstract (Summary)

Field studies of Cordilleran metamorphic core complexes indicate that meteoric fluids permeated the upper crust down to the detachment shear zone and interacted with highly deformed and recrystallized (mylonitic) rocks. The presence of fluids in the brittle/ductile transition zone is recorded in the oxygen and hydrogen stable isotope compositions of the mylonites, and may play an important role in the thermomechanical evolution of the detachment shear zone. Geochemical data show that fluid flow in the brittle upper crust is primarily controlled by the large-scale fault-zone architecture.

We conduct finite element numerical modeling of groundwater flow in an idealized cross-section of a metamorphic core complex. The simulations investigate the effects of crust and fault permeability fields on groundwater flow. Results show that fluid migration to mid- to lower-crustal levels is fault-controlled and depends primarily on the permeability contrast between the fault zone and the crustal rocks. High fault/crust permeability ratios lead to channelized flow in the fault and shear zones, while lower ratios allow leakage of the fluids from the fault into the crust.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gottardi, Raphael
Commitee: Morra, Gabriele, Zhang, Rui
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Geology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Geology, Hydrologic sciences, Computer science
Keywords: Abaqus, Geology, Groundwater flow, Hydrology, Numerical modeling, Permeability
Publication Number: 10003759
ISBN: 978-1-339-42869-7
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