Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Should Eastern Meditation be used in Drug Treatment Facilities?: An Examination of the Effects of Meditation and Progressive Relaxation on Substance Abstinence and Psychological Distress and Dysfunction
by Mallik, Debesh, M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2015, 93; 10002458
Abstract (Summary)

Despite the availability of various substance abuse treatments, substance misuse and the negative consequences associated with it remain a serious problem in our society. Various types of meditation have been evaluated for treatment of substance use disorders, but the research has not drawn any specific conclusions. This may be due to lack of both an equivalent control group and spiritual emphasis. Therefore, the current study included a spiritual emphasis (12-steps) and inner eye concentrative meditation (n=15), a progressive relaxation group (n=10), and a treatment-as-usual control (TAU) group (n=21). Subjects at an intensive outpatient treatment center for substance use disorder were offered either progressive muscle relaxation, raja yoga meditation, or TAU, depending on which branch of the treatment center they were receiving treatment. The meditation technique was a simple meditation technique where the attention of focus remains on the point between the eyebrows. The current study examined changes in substance use, general psychological distress and dysfunction, craving, and 12-step involvement between the three conditions over a 6-week period. Compared to the average of all groups meditation was significant in predicting abstinence from substances, ?2 (2) = 6.39, p = .0115. This finding gives some credence to spirituality being a protective factor against substance use, and suggests the benefits of using non-secular meditations in drug treatment facilities.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Perkins, David R.
Commitee: Sandoz, Emily K., Yang, Yang
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Spirituality
Keywords: Addiction, Drug abuse, Meditation, Mindfulness, Spirituality, Substance use disorder
Publication Number: 10002458
ISBN: 978-1-339-41967-1
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