Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Patient-centered care: The effects of cultural capital on the patient-provider relationship
by Carmona, Juan F., M.S., Southern Connecticut State University, 2015, 67; 1606819
Abstract (Summary)

Patients and care providers fail to embrace the quality-driven relationships that were once part of the clinical consultation. To improve what some have referred to as a dampened relationship social scientists and medical professionals are pursuing a ‘patient-centered’ model where healthcare is delivered in ways that are “respectful and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values” (Institute of Medicine 2001:6). The model sets standards for identifying and responding to patient concerns regarding illness and treatment, and cherishes the benefits of shared decision-making and responsibility (Epstein 2000). Undoubtedly, this model works best when the patient’s interest and values are central to the delivery of care.

A sample survey of 94 patients seeking treatment at an urban, hospital-based primary care clinic, are analyzed to answer three separate, but fundamental questions: 1) Is there a significant association between components of cultural capital (marital status and/or education) and patient-centered events? 2) Does the presence of any of these patient-centered events associate itself with a patient’s overall experience? And 3) is there a significant association between components of cultural capital and overall patient experience? I hypothesize that marital status and/or education are directly associated with the presence of patient-centered events, that the presence of any one patient centered event is positively correlated with the overall clinical experience, and that a patients overall experience is directly associated with marital status and/or education.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Lemert, Charles
Commitee: Adams, Gregory, Kenty-Drane, Jessica
School: Southern Connecticut State University
Department: Sociology
School Location: United States -- Connecticut
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Medicine, Sociology, Social structure
Keywords: Cultural capital, Habitus, Medical sociology, Patient-centered care, Social structure
Publication Number: 1606819
ISBN: 978-1-339-40339-7
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