The purpose of this study was to assess comparable or differential effects of a therapeutic art (AT) intervention, a cognitive behavioral (CBT) intervention, and no treatment (NT) on levels of Mood, Stress, and perceived Quality of Life in a sample of adult women. Positive results could add to the empirical research on the use of expressive arts in the therapeutic setting. Fifty four non clinical adult women from the Northern Arizona University community were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups. Data were collected electronically through questionnaires pretreatment, post treatment, and at three week post treatment follow up. Measures used were the International Positive and Negative Affect Scales - Short Form (IPANAS-SF), for mood, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales - 21 (DASS-21) for stress, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Form (WHOQOL-BREF) for quality of life. All three measures are reliable and have been validated in numerous studies with thousands of subjects. Mixed ANOVAs were calculated with General Linear Model in SPSS on raw scores and on Change Scores by group over time. Overall findings show that, for a one time brief intervention, art provided an immediate improvement in mood, stress, and perceived quality of life for the participants and was comparable to (or exceeded) the effects of the CBT intervention and the results from the NT group. Longer studies with other non-clinical adult women are recommended to further substantiate the findings.
|Advisor:||Moan, Eugene R.|
|Commitee:||Collier, Ann Futterman, Kerr, Elizabeth Nye, Thomason, Timothy|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 77/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational psychology, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Art therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Expressive arts therapy, Mood, Quality of life, Stress|
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