Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Cultivating compassion through awareness
by Farley, Kathy P., D.N.P., Indiana Wesleyan University, 2015, 60; 3742970
Abstract (Summary)

Compassion is a deep, spiritual giving of self, regardless of personhood, characteristic in the art of nursing. The purpose of the study was to determine whether compassion levels could be increased by teaching the significance of showing compassion to self and others. Compassion was measured using the modified Compassionate Love for Humanity Scale and student self-report.

The study used a quantitative design with a convenience sampling of two practical nurse cohorts, one being the control group. The Compassionate Love for Humanity Scale was administered pre-intervention and two weeks post-intervention. The intervention consisted of didactic content over Watson’s theory of human caring and showing the movie Wit, followed by discussion. The control group received the Compassionate Love for Humanity Scale at same point in the semester as intervention group, and then two weeks later. Means of both groups were calculated pre- and posttest and compared using a single sample t-test, paired sample t-test, and Cohen’s d. Findings were robust with p < .05. Cohen’s d showed a large effect size.

The results show significant increase in the intervention group posttest and significant decrease in the control group posttest. The implication is strong that compassion levels can be raised by increasing awareness. Decreased levels in the control group may be reflective of reality of the clinical setting. Other findings indicate possible correlation between higher compassion levels and parental status, profession of spirituality and religiosity.

Acknowledging that compassion can be increased, gives way to the hope of preserving the art of compassion in future and current nurses. Loving self and then iii patients and coworkers may help alleviate high attrition rates in nursing programs, nursing burnout, and bullying. Compassionate care will reflect as increased patient satisfaction. This study may encourage more research on increasing compassion in nursing students.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Hulsman, Barbara
Commitee: Listenberger, Sharon
School: Indiana Wesleyan University
Department: Nursing
School Location: United States -- Indiana
Source: DAI-B 77/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing
Keywords: Compassion, Compassionate love for humanity scale, Patient satisfaction, Quantitative, Watson's theory of human caring
Publication Number: 3742970
ISBN: 978-1-339-35622-8
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