Research on the Big Five Factors of personality has generally demonstrated its predictive ability in regards to a variety of psychological constructs. This study addressed whether or not the Big Five Factors of personality had the same predictive ability in regards to an intercultural mindset, a constructivist construct that determines how individuals assess and interact with difference, and an individual’s tendency to self-enhance their intercultural mindset. Since most of the research has been focused on the Big Five Factors of personality, the subfacets of each of the Big Five Factors were also examined to determine if the subfacets provided a better predictive model. Data collected from first year college students in a Midwest parochial university through a cross-sectional design was utilized. Maximum Likelihood Methods were then utilized to reduce the number of personality factors for an intercultural mindset and the self-enhancement of an intercultural mindset followed by multiple backwards regressions to determine the potential relationships. Extraversion was negatively correlated and Agreeableness was positively correlated to an intercultural mindset at the Big Five level of personality (p = 0.005, R2 = 0.056, f2 = 0.059), while Excitement Seeking was negatively correlated and Ideas were positively correlated to an intercultural mindset at the subfacet level of personality (p = 0.002, R2 = 0.068, f2 = 0.073). While the effect size of these two research questions is small, it does provide some understanding to the value that self-reflection, the ability to cope with anxiety, and a capacity for cognitive complexity may play in developing an intercultural mindset. For the self-enhancement of an intercultural mindset, Extraversion was positively correlated and Agreeableness was negatively correlated at the Big Five level of Personality (p = 0.005, R2 = 0.056, f2 = 0.059), while Excitement seeking and Anxiety were both positively correlated at the subfacet level of personality (p = 0.000, R2 = 0.084, f2 = 0.092). It appears that cognitive complexity, effective coping strategies for anxiety, and empathy are necessary skills to minimize the self-enhancement of an intercultural mindset.
|Commitee:||Avena, Nicole, Valdez, Carl|
|Department:||School of Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-B 77/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Intercultural, Personality, Self-enhancement|
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