Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Effects of racial microaggressions on anxiety and depression in Black and African American women
by Fay, Christina, Psy.D., Spalding University, 2015, 118; 3732015
Abstract (Summary)

This study investigated the effects of racial microaggressions on symptoms of anxiety and depression in Black and African American women. The study employed an online survey and snowball recruitment method that involved individuals from high income and highly educated populations. The participants responded to questions related to demographic information; symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7; Spitzer, Kroenke, Williams, & Löwe, 2006b); depression (PHQ-8; Kroenke et al., 2009); and racial microaggressions (IMABI; Mercer, Zeigler-Hill, Wallace, & Hayes, 2011) in order to assess current mental health functioning and level of distress in response to racial discrimination. Results indicated that those who reported higher levels of racial microaggression distress also reported higher symptoms of anxiety and depression. The findings related to racial microaggressions and symptoms of anxiety and depression indicated positive correlations. However, when age and level of education were investigated for a moderation effect, neither was found to be significant. Therefore, neither age nor level of education acted as a buffer for racial microaggression distress and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Results supported the need for assessing and addressing racial discrimination within the therapy session, awareness of racial microaggressions and their clinical implications on mental health, and normalization of these experiences for Black and African American women.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Stevens-Watkins, Danelle
Commitee: Jewell, Jennifer, Nash, Brenda
School: Spalding University
Department: Professional Psychology
School Location: United States -- Kentucky
Source: DAI-B 77/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: African American Studies, Black studies, Mental health
Keywords: African American women, Anxiety, Black women, Depression, Racial microaggressions
Publication Number: 3732015
ISBN: 978-1-339-18662-7
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