From classic to contemporary leadership theory, scholars stress the need for leaders to achieve success through the productivity of their subordinates. The police executive position choice is arguably more important because of the constitutional powers that police officers possess on a daily basis. Officers have the ability to restrict one’s liberty and even use deadly force if necessary.
The critical first step in the selection process is to identify competencies necessary for effectiveness at the executive level. Similar studies have addressed this question, yet the competencies measured are often validated by scholars and police executives themselves. The purpose of this study was to increase this criterion validity further, comparing those competencies with perceptions from both executives and the subordinates they seek to lead as well as to create a more comprehensive competency model that is in accordance with the tenets of contemporary leadership theory, by examining the traits that police subordinates consider imperative for sustained success.
Participants for this study consisted of 28 police executives and 145 subordinates (approximately a 5:1 ratio, subordinates to executives, respectively). An independent samples t test was utilized to compare the means between the two samples and a Cronbach’s alpha test was performed to ascertain construct validity and internal consistency.
The findings indicate some competency perception rating disparities between the two sample populations. While there was a reliable relationship for most of the competencies measured, these statistically significant disparities could prove essential in the construction of a more comprehensive, police executive competency paradigm. Implications of these findings, as well as recommendations for policy, practice, and future research are all discussed in this study.
|Commitee:||Lockwood, Brian, Soo Hoo, Tsung Y. (Bill)|
|School:||New Jersey City University|
|Department:||Professional Security Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 77/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social research, Management, Public administration, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Competencies, Law enforcement, Leadership models, Police officers, Police supervisor|
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