Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Tai Chi and Its Effect on Post-Traumatic Stress
by Goelz, Donnalea Van Vleet, Ph.D., The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 2015, 138; 3734856
Abstract (Summary)

Despite the increasing use of mindfulness techniques in the treatment of PTSD, the clinical utility of mindfulness interventions in reducing PTSD symptomatology, especially among civilians, has not received extensive empirical attention. This quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research study addressed this gap in the empirical literature by evaluating the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based Tai Chi intervention in reducing PTSD symptomatology among a community-based cohort of adults with clinical levels of PTSD symptomatology, as indicated by a score of 40 or higher on the Post-Traumatic Stress Checklist (PCL-C). The hypothesis of the study was that participation in a mindfulness-based Tai Chi intervention would evince reduced levels of PTSD symptomatology. To test this hypothesis, 27 participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (a) an Education Only intervention group (n = 9), (b) an Education and Tai Chi intervention group (n = 9), and (c) a control group (n = 9). Results from a one-way ANOVA, showed that individuals who participated in the Education and Tai Chi intervention group reported significantly reduced PTSD symptomatology in comparison to Education Only intervention and control participants. Results from a one-way ANCOVA, further demonstrated that participants in the Education and Tai Chi intervention group had a significantly lower posttest PCL-C mean score in comparison to participants in the Education Only Intervention and control groups. Results from this study show promise with regard to the efficacy of somatic mindfulness-based interventions in reducing PTSD symptomatology among individuals with PTSD.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Sukal, Marlon
Commitee: Bergemann, Eric, Carter, C. Sue
School: The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
Department: Somatic Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 77/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Neurosciences, Mental health, Psychobiology, Kinesiology
Keywords: Meditation, Mindfulness, Post-traumatic Stress Syndrome, Tai Chi, Trauma, Veterans
Publication Number: 3734856
ISBN: 9781339236254
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