Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Two predictors of smoking behaviors in the LGBTQ population: Anxiety and internalized homophobia
by Heyen, Carrie, M.A., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2015, 54; 1601199
Abstract (Summary)

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning population has high prevalence rates of nicotine dependence in comparison to their heterosexual counterparts, creating a health disparity that is under-researched. Past research has indicated that factors such as minority stress and anxiety play key roles in the development of smoking behaviors in the general population but has not been researched in the LGBTQ population. In addition, internalized homophobia has been linked to substance abuse but its role in nicotine dependence has not been examined. This study proposed that anxiety and internalized homophobia would predict nicotine dependence in the LGBTQ population. A total of 61 LGBTQ individuals participated by completing an online survey. A hierarchical multiple regression was conducted and results suggested that anxiety and internalized homophobia were not predictors of nicotine dependence in the LGBTQ population. However, it was found that individuals questioning their identity did experience more internalized homophobia than those who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Brown, Danice
Commitee: Pawlow, Laura, Segrist, Dan
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 55/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: GLBT Studies, Clinical psychology, Health education
Keywords: Anxiety, Internalized homophobia, LGBT, Nicotine, Smoking
Publication Number: 1601199
ISBN: 978-1-339-11966-3
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