Today, communication in the workplace does not only rely on traditional methods such as face-to-face, but also now relies on email and newer instant communication forms through online social media including Facebook, Twitter, microblogs etc. With this increase in online interaction, sexual harassment in cyberspace has gradually become a prevalent problem in the past several decades. This study was designed to research the differences of cross-culture and cross-gender perception across medium of sexual harassment. Mainland Chinese were found to be less likely to perceive the behaviors presented in the scenarios as sexual harassment in the workplace compared to the U.S sample. People were less likely to perceive the same harassing behavior as sexual harassment when conducted in-person compared to via e-mail. Women in both the U.S. and China were less tolerant of sexual harassment than men. Chinese men were more likely to be harassed by their male supervisors or coworkers and Chinese, especially women, had been put down by their supervisors or coworkers more often than U.S. participants. People who had longer time of work experience had experienced less occurrence of sexual harassment in the last 2 years and were less tolerant of sexual harassing behaviors and more likely to perceive those sexual harassing behaviors. The Perception and Outcome of Sexual Harassment Scale (POSH), Sexual Harassment Attitude Scale (SHAS) and Sexual Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ) are high reliable questionnaires and should continue to be used in future studies. Limitations, implications and future research directions were also discussed in the article.
Keywords: sexual harassment; cyberspace; organization
|Advisor:||Nadler, Joel T.|
|Commitee:||Bartels, Lynn K., Daus, Catherine S., Nadler, Joel T.|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 55/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Multimedia Communications, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||China, Cyberspace, Organization, Sexual harassment, United States|
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