Analysis on the dynamics of Israeli settlements in West Bank and East Jerusalem One of the most controversial international issues, consistently capturing the attention of the international community, is the expansion of the Israeli human settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. As one of the primary obstacles of Israeli/Palestinian bilateral relations, the expansion of Israeli settlements is taking a serious toll on the so-called Roadmap for Peace. Scholars have made attempts to understand the nature of the problem.
This study will attempt to systematically follow the dynamics of Israeli settlements in West Bank and East Jerusalem, determine the factors influencing the settlement expansion, and evaluate the costs and benefits to the state of Israel for continuing that policy.
The main research question is formulated as of which factors leads to increase or decrease in settlement activity in West Bank and East Jerusalem? Taking this research question as a ground basis, this thesis analyzes the data of various factors such as public support for settlements and terrorism and violence against territorial expansion, determining the way each factor falls into the political landscape of Israel on the domestic and international scene. This study also performs a discourse analysis on the nature of Israel's settlement policy, taking into an account multiple political speeches and quotes of Israeli leaders active different periods of time. The goal of the discourse analysis is to establish more clear understanding on the settlement policy as it is understood by the leadership of Israel.
The primary hypothesis "the settlements are expanding because of relatively low material and immaterial costs of territorial expansion "is confirmed through a systematic analysis of seven factors that influence the dynamics of Israeli settlements in the region of West Bank East Jerusalem and Gaza Strip. The period of the study covers the settlement dynamics between 1993 and 2014 and the increased activity of the policy implementation throughout that period The settlements in Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip provide examples of policy reversal, the reasons for which are also systematically analyzed. The primary research findings support the claim that Israel is implementing the settlement based on of a rational actor perspective or in other words according to this study's final conclusion, the overall benefits for the policy implementation outweigh its overall costs. Additionally, this study aims to fill a gap in the literature by focusing on factors pertaining to the internal dynamics of settlements, rather than to the Israeli/Palestinian Peace process. Thus this study is to provide more accurate understanding of the Israel's' settlement policy and its meaning to the people of Israel.
|School Location:||United States -- Missouri|
|Source:||MAI 55/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Dynamics, East Jerusalem, Factors, Israel, Settlements, West Bank|
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