Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Defeat and memory at the Arkansas state capitol: The Little Rock Monument to the Women of the Confederacy, 1896-1914
by Elledge, Zachary Lynn, M.A., Arkansas State University, 2015, 102; 1593794
Abstract (Summary)

Resting in the southeast corner of the Arkansas state capitol is the Little Rock monument honoring the women of the Confederacy. Known as the Southern Mother, the Arkansas division of the United Confederate Veterans (UCV) erected this monument to commemorate the sacrifices of Arkansas women during the Civil War. Sculpted by J. Otto Schweizer, a Swiss-American from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this monument represents two versions of Arkansas’ Civil War history: that of the sculptor, and that of its patrons. Arkansas broke away from the national UCV in 1906 and proceeded on its own to memorialize Confederate women’s war time sacrifices. Paid for by a state appropriation of $10,000, the Arkansas UCV were able to commemorate in stone a specific memory of Arkansas history during the Civil War. The monument effort began on a national scale in 1896, but did not come to fruition in Arkansas until May 1913. Several conflicts occurred with members of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, who opposed the monument idea and preferred that donations were routed into more social programs like retirement homes and scholarship programs. This monument occurred during a time of vast memorialization during the height of the Lost Cause, but the history behind it shows a more individual nature of healing traumatic wounds.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Edwards, Gary T.
Commitee: Jones-Branch, Cherisse R., Wilkerson-Freeman, Sarah
School: Arkansas State University
Department: History
School Location: United States -- Arkansas
Source: MAI 54/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: American history, Womens studies
Keywords: Arkansas, Arkansas history, Civil war commemoration, Lost causes, Southern history, United confederate veterans
Publication Number: 1593794
ISBN: 978-1-321-90061-3
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