Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive optical imaging technique that has rapidly been gaining popularity for study of the brain. Near-infrared spectroscopy measures absorption of light, primarily due to hemoglobin, through an array of light sources and detectors that are coupled to the scalp. Measurements can generally be divided into measurements of baseline physiology (related to total absorption) and measurements of hemodynamic time-series data (related to relative absorption changes). Because light intensity drops off rapidly with depth, NIRS measurements are highly sensitive to extracerebral tissues. Attempts to recover baseline physiology measurements of the brain can be confounded by high sensitivity to the scalp and skull. Time-series measurements contain high contributions of systemic physiology signals, including cardiac, respiratory, and blood pressure waves. Furthermore, measurements over time inevitably introduce artifacts due to subject motion.
The aim of this thesis was to develop improved analysis methods in the context of these NIRS specific confounding factors. The thesis consists of four articles that address specific issues in NIRS data analysis: (i) assessment of common data analysis procedures used to estimate oxygen saturation and hemoglobin content that assume a semi-infinite, homogeneous medium, (ii) testing the feasibility of improving oxygen saturation and hemoglobin measurements using multi-layered models, (iii) development of methods to estimate the general linear model for functional brain imaging that are robust to systemic physiology signals and motion artifacts, and (iv) the extension of (iii) to an adaptive method that is suitable for real-time analysis. Overall, this thesis helps to validate and advance analysis methods for NIRS.
|School:||University of Pittsburgh|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-B 77/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Neurosciences, Engineering, Biomedical engineering|
|Keywords:||Brain, NIRS, Near-infrared spectroscopy, Physiology, fNIRS|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be