Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Does the negatively-worded item effict exist in personality measures? A meta-analysis
by Huang, Jialin, Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2015, 176; 3664037
Abstract (Summary)

This study meta-analyzed IRT item discrimination parameter estimates and CFA item loadings to explore the methodological effect of negatively-worded items in personality measures. We found three important moderators that determined whether the negatively-worded item effect affected a scale. The first moderator was the manner in which the scale was defined. We found a strong negatively-worded item effect for Neuroticism but not for Emotional Stability. The personality scale was also a moderator, with a negatively-worded item effect being observed for Agreeableness, Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Openness but a positively-worded item effect for Emotional Stability and Conscientiousness. Third, low-motivation samples tended to produce a larger negatively-worded item effect. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference between personality and non-personality inventories regarding the negatively-worded item effect. Finally, item negation did not produce the expected effect. Practical implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Mead, Alan D.
School: Illinois Institute of Technology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 76/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Occupational psychology
Keywords: Meta-Analysis, Negatively-Worded Items, Personality Measurement
Publication Number: 3664037
ISBN: 978-1-339-10753-0
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