Cranes are used worldwide for transportation and material handling in a variety of industries and facilities, including manufacturing industries, shipyards, and warehouses. Safety and efficiency in crane operations are a concern, since these issues are closely related to productivity. One of the reasons for crane-related accidents is mistakes by the operator, some of which can be attributed to the limitations of the operator’s field of view, depth perception, and knowledge of the workspace. These limitations are exacerbated by the dynamic environment of the workspace. One possible solution to these problems could be aiding the operator with a dynamic map of the workspace that shows the position of obstacles within it. In this thesis, two methods for mapping the crane workspace in near-realtime using computer vision are introduced. Several computer vision algorithms are integrated, and new techniques are introduced to generate a machine-vision-based map. A QR code-based mapping algorithm is also formulated. The algorithms can work independently. However, they can also be integrated, and the results show that a combination of these two mapping techniques produce the best results. The success of the pure machine-vision-based map and the QR code-based map depend on successful segmentation of color regions and detection of the QR codes, respectively. The combination of the two algorithms is a novel approach that ensures maximum obstacle detection. The algorithms produce a workspace map that can help the crane operator drive the crane more safely and efficiently.
|Advisor:||Vaughan, Joshua E.|
|Commitee:||Khattab, Ahmed, Taylor, Charles, Vaughan, Joshua E.|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||MAI 55/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Industrial engineering, Mechanical engineering, Computer science|
|Keywords:||Computer vision, Crane workspace mapping, Image segementation, Machine vision, Mapping, QR codes|
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