The operation of an electrical power system involves continuous electromechanical and electromagnetic interaction of energy among the system components. Under normal operation, the system behavior could be represented by voltage and current phasors in the frequency domain. However, the system may not work on the fundamental frequency following some fast transients (loss of generator, switching event, system disturbance and etc.), at this time we need specific tools to investigate the dynamic scenario.
Transient stability (TS) simulator, also referred to as electromechanical transient simulator, running at time steps on the order of milliseconds and only capable of capturing the fundamental frequency transient, is used for the analysis of large-scale networks. On the other hand the electromagnetic transient (EMT) simulator running at time steps on the order of microseconds, with detailed equipment modeling is capable of analyzing transients over a wider frequency spectrum; however, it is computationally onerous, so it is typically restricted to the analysis of small networks.
An electromechanical-electromagnetic transient simulator is the combination of a TS simulator and an EMT simulator, inheriting the merits of both programs The basic idea of an electromechanical-electromagnetic simulator is to decompose the power system into two broad categories: a large connected TS network (main network) and smaller EMT network (detailed subsystem). The main network is running on TS simulator while the detailed subsystem is running on the EMT simulator. The implicitly-coupled electromechanical and electromagnetic simulator has TS and EMT simulators coupled at the equation solution level, which could ensure the consistence of the solution between TS and EMT simulation.
Instead of using fundamental frequency equivalent model of the main network in EMT simulation of implicitly-coupled electromechanical and electromagnetic simulator, a frequency dependent network equivalent (FDNE) model is utilized to preserve the non-fundamental frequency fast transient response of the main network.
Along with the implementation of FDNE model, this research work also propose a new TS simulator that is capable of running three-phase transient stability simulation under fundamental and non-fundamental frequency simultaneously. Furthermore the performance of implicitly-coupled electromechanical-electromagnetic transient simulator could be improved with the implementation of this new TS simulator.
|Advisor:||Flueck, Alexander J.|
|School:||Illinois Institute of Technology|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Electromagnetic Transient, Frequency Dependent Network Equivalent, Hybrid Simulation, Implicitly Coupled, Transient Stability|
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