Though previous research has documented the Southern Vowel Shift (SVS) in Alabama and Tennessee, none has focused on Mississippi. Also, the majority of research has focused on European-Americans. In this study, data was collected from women from northern and central Mississippi, with central residents evenly recruited from urban and rural areas. Of these, 15 were European-American and 19 were African-American. Participants read a word list including target vowels in the b_d frame. F1, F2, and vector length were analyzed to determine to what extent participants exhibited the SVS and Back Vowel Fronting. For the SVS, there were effects such that central residents shifted more than northern, rural residents shifted more than urban, and African-American residents shifted more than European-American. European-American women fronted /u/ and /o/ more than African-American women. These results suggest that African-American women from Mississippi do participate in the SVS but are not fronting their back vowels.
|Advisor:||Herd, Wendy J.|
|Commitee:||Fogle, Evelyn W., Pizer, Ginger B.|
|School:||Mississippi State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Mississippi|
|Source:||MAI 55/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Back vowel fronting, Sociolinguistics, Southern english, Southern vowel shift, Speech production, Vowel production|
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