Secondary employment activities for police officers may have negative outcomes both for officers and their employers. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of secondary employment (also known as moonlighting, specials, side-jobs, off-duty employment, and multiple job holders) on operational stress, organizational stress, and burnout among police officers. The study was based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and on strain theory. The sample was 199 full-time sworn law enforcement officers from seven law enforcement agencies in the north-central and southeastern United States. Participants were ages 18-65 with a rank from officer to lieutenant. They completed the Operational and Organizational Police Stress Test developed by McCreary, D., & Thompson, M. (2006) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, developed by Maslach, C., Leiter, M., & Jackson, S. (1995) as well as a demographic questionnaire. Three subscales where used to examine the effect of age, gender, and years of experience on organizational and operational stress, as well as the effect of stress on burnout. Multiple linear regression analyses showed no significant relationship between operational and organizational stress and the three variables of age, gender, and experience. Data analysis did reveal a significant relationship between burnout and both organizational and operational stress. Results of this study will help police departments improve their policies and procedures governing secondary employment, thus improving officer morale and effectiveness and also public safety.
|Commitee:||Franks, George, Ojo, David|
|Department:||Harold Abel School of Social and Behavioral Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||DAI-A 76/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Occupational psychology, Criminology, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||Moonlighting, Multiple job-holders, Off-duty police, Secondary employment, Special-duty policing|
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