This dissertation problematizes the notion of textuality. Textuality is a virtual object, which each text production actualizes.
The problem can be formulated as follows: How can one read textuality through one or several text(s)? How can one perceive more than a simple fixed object and appreciate problems that a writer encounters during the process of writing, when the text was still being elaborated, in a battle with virtualities?
Starting from recent statements of Todorov on how non-fictional texts can be considered as literature, I examine the development of the concept of literarity from the 1960’s in France. I examine three conceptions of the text: as a structure that highlights its own materiality (with Ricardou); as a production undermining the structuralist dichotomy between signifier and signified (with Barthes); as an artwork (with Ricoeur, and Genette).
Henceforth, I articulate four theoretical problems, giving access to the following conclusions: - Texture is readable in a different way than the search for a meaning. - The world as a text and the world of the text entail two distinct conceptions; texts built as mirrors of themselves change and improve our understanding of textuality. - Reading should not be conceived as totally predetermined by writing and by the author’s mastership. - Reading can be conceived as a virtualization (and not just an actualization) of the text. Virtualization is a “rise” from an actuality (such text) towards the problematic field where it emerged.
Those conclusions are supported by comparative studies and analyses of specific works: Mallarmé’s poems and especially Un coup de dés…, the relationship between some of his works and Edgar Allan Poe’s, Godard’s filmography as opposed to Bresson’s, Ponge’s poems in comparison with an poetical essay by Le Clézio, a play by Sarraute in the light of a text co-authored by Derrida and Leiris.
|Commitee:||Ancelet, Barry J., Bouchard, Vincent, Wright, Monica L.|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 76/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Literature, Philosophy, Cinematography, Rhetoric|
|Keywords:||Literarity, Poetry, Textuality, Texture|
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