Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime
by Royalty, A. Ray, Ed.D., The George Washington University, 2015, 205; 3718052
Abstract (Summary)

This transcendental phenomenological research study explores the experience of United States (U.S.) military combat advisors serving with Iraqi military units during Operation Iraqi Freedom. The insertion of U.S. military combat advisors embedded within Iraqi military formations is explored in terms of effectiveness, relevance, and practical application in reference to the challenges of tactical decision-making overshadowed by divergent national cultures. With the insertion of a significant international coalition into the sovereign nation of Iraq in order to counter and/or eliminate a growing enemy presence, this research study captures the essence of the phenomenon from the perspective of actual U.S. military participants during such combat operations. Decision-makers faced multiple and dynamic challenges because of significant cultural differences between U.S. military advisors and their Iraqi counterparts. This dynamic was compounded by the presence of a deadly and deliberate enemy—criminal, religious vengeance, and/or terrorist in nature—and as a result, the Iraqi military organized after the initial coalition invasion was charged with restoring security and stability in extremely austere conditions. Within this context, U.S. military advisors were tasked to advise and assist Iraqi military leadership in the conduct of operations to restore normalcy to the sovereign nation of modern day Iraq. Senior U.S. military leadership inserted combat advisors at various levels throughout the Iraqi military, in an effort to create a competent fighting force while managing the limited availability of resources. This phenomenological research study is focused on U.S. military advisors assigned at the tactical level of operations and their personal interpretations of their experiences, which pitted divergent cultures, leadership styles, and decision-making frames of reference. U.S. military advisors in this research study actively participated by living, eating, and fighting with their Iraqi brothers in a time of deep turmoil and incredible darkness.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Marquardt, Michael J.
Commitee: Shirley, David, Silverman, Adam L.
School: The George Washington University
Department: Education and Human Development
School Location: United States -- District of Columbia
Source: DAI-A 76/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Cultural anthropology, Military studies
Keywords: Decision-making, Iraqi military, National culture, United states military advisors
Publication Number: 3718052
ISBN: 978-1-321-97756-1
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