Developing light metals that have desirable mechanical properties is always the object of the endeavor of materials scientists. Magnesium (Mg), one of the lightest metals, had been used widely in military and other applications. Yet, its relatively poor formability, as well as its relatively low absolute strength, in comparison with other metals such as aluminum and steels, caused the use of Mg to be discontinued after World War II. Owing to the subsequent energy crisis of the seventies, recently, interest in Mg development has been rekindled in the materials community. The main focus of research has been quite straight-forward: increasing the strength and formability such that Mg and its alloys may replace aluminum alloys and steels to become yet another choice for structural materials. This dissertation work is mainly focused on fundamental issues related to Mg and its alloys. More specifically, it investigates the mechanical behavior of different Mg-based materials and the corresponding underlying deformation mechanisms. In this context, we examine the factors that affect the microstructure and mechanical properties of pure Mg, binary Mg-alloy (with addition of yttrium), more complex Mg-based alloys with and without the addition of lanthanum, and finally Mg-based metal matrix composites (MMCs) reinforced with ex-situ ceramic particles. More specifically, the effects of the following factors on the mechanical properties of Mg-based materials will be investigated: addition of rare earths (yttrium and lanthanum), in-situ/ex-situ formed particles, particle size or volume fraction and materials processing, effect of thermal-mechanical treatment (severe plastic deformation and warm extrusion), and so on and so forth.
A few interesting results have been found from this dissertation work: (i) although rare earths may improve the room temperature ductility of well-annealed Mg, the addition of yttrium results in ultrafine and un-recrystallized grains in the Mg-Y alloy subjected to equal channel angular pressing (ECAP); (ii) the reverse volume fraction effect arises as the volume fraction of nano-sized ex-situ formed reinforcements is beyond 10%; (iii) nano-particles are more effective in strengthening Mg than micro-particles when the volume fraction is below 10%; (iv) complete dynamic recovery and/or recrystallization is required to accomplish the moderate ductility in Mg, together with a strong matrix-particle bonding if it is a Mg-based composite; and (v) localized shear failure is observed in all Mg samples, recrystallized completely, which is attributed to the reduced strain hardening rate as a result of the exhaustion of twinning and/or dislocation multiplication.
|Commitee:||Chen, Don, Cherukuri, Harish, Kecskes, Laszlo, Zhou, Jing|
|School:||The University of North Carolina at Charlotte|
|School Location:||United States -- North Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mechanics, Mechanical engineering, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Adiabatic shear banding, Dynamic loading, Magnesium alloys, Mechanical properties, Metal-matrix composites, Strain rate sensitivity|
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