Anxiety is proven to be linked to high cortisol levels in obese and overweight individuals. Participating in a weight management clinic has been shown to be an effective way for obese and overweight individuals who suffer from anxiety to lose weight and decrease anxiety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of participating in weight management clinic on anxiety over time, by measuring perceived anxiety and cortisol level change. In addition, the study examined the relationship between perceived anxiety and cortisol over time. Participants were individuals attending a 6-month weight manage clinic with two phases; weight loss and weight maintenance, this study used the first 3-month phase. Both, a self-reported survey, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y6), and cortisol were used to measure anxiety, assessed at baseline and 3-month. To assess if there was a relationship between cortisol and anxiety scores at baseline and 3 month a Pearson correlation was conducted. To assess the relationship between anxiety and if participants met 10% weight loss or not, a 2(time)X2(group) Repeated Measures ANOVA was conducted. To assess the relationship between cortisol and if participants met 10% weight loss or not, a 2(time)X2(group) Repeated Measures ANOVA was conducted. A positive correlation was found for cortisol as baseline and 3-month, indicating that cortisol levels increased while participating in the WMC. A negative correlation was found for cortisol at 3 month and anxiety at baseline, implying that cortisol levels increased while anxiety decreased. There was an interaction between anxiety and those who lost 10% weight loss. This implies that weight does affect the decrease of anxiety. It was not found that cortisol was affected by the 10% weight loss.
|Commitee:||Cluphf, Dave, Wooten, Josh|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|Department:||Kinesiology and Health Education|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 54/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Cortisol, Weight loss|
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