The time between A. D. 1050 – 1400 is a period of dynamic cultural change in the Western Great Lakes region. During this time period in eastern Wisconsin three distinct and contemporary cultural groups are present: Oneota, Middle Mississippian, and Late Woodland. Many studies have focused on the origins, presence and interaction between these groups. Six Oneota pottery assemblages from three geospatially distinct localities in eastern Wisconsin are examined: Koshkonong, Grand River, and Waupaca localities. Pottery assemblages from two sites in each locality were selected for comparison to determine interlocality social, political, and economic interaction. Ceramic attribute and compositional analyses were conducted and the results utilized to identify and characterize the amount of variation between the ceramic assemblages. Compositional analyses consisted of portable energy dispersive X-ray flourcesnce (ED-XRF) and ceramic petrography.
Three theoretical interaction models, World-Systems Analysis, Peer Polity Interaction, and Tribalization, are discussed and evaluated as possible models for Oneota interaction. These interaction models examine the roles and level of economic, political, and social interaction through trade, coersive force (military), and transmission of social and ideological information between groups.
The results of the analysis indicate both the creation of identity markers within localities and interaction between localities. The data indicates that some groups interacted more than others. Grooved paddle surface treatment in the Koshkonong locality, crimping of the lip of vessels in the Waupaca and Grand River localities, and variations in decorative motifs demonstrate that the localities used these markers for group identity. The ceramic petrographic analysis indicates that the groups shared knowledge of pottery manufacturing with similar percentages of matrix, sand, and temper in the recipe. The ED-XRF analysis indicates that pottery from the Bornick site is more similar to pottery from sites in the Waupaca locality, while the pottery from the Walker- Hooper site is more similar to pottery from sites in the Koshkonong locality.
During this time, the Oneota groups in eastern Wisconsin practiced patrilocal post-marital residence patterns suggesting that women moved from their family’s to their husband's residence, bringing their knowledge of pottery making with them. Social and political alliances through interlocality marriages took place based on the presence of group identity markers on pottery from one locality seen on vessels in another. Kinship (fictive and real) relationships between localities were created from these alliances that assisted in maintaining territorial boundaries and leadership positions to generate socialsurplus to gain prestige and provided means of assistance in times of scarcity. Materials supporting the research and referenced in the text of the dissertation are included in appendices found in the table of contents. The appendices are contained within four supplementary files. The first supplementary file contains Appendices A and B. The second supplementary file is Appendix C. The third supplementary file is Appendix D. The fourth supplementary file contains Appendices E-K.
|Advisor:||Jeske, Robert J.|
|Commitee:||McHenry, Lindsay, Overstreet, David, Richards, John, Richards, Patricia|
|School:||The University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee|
|School Location:||United States -- Wisconsin|
|Source:||DAI-A 76/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
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