At present, gender-based discrimination is more subtle than overt. Subtle gender discrimination often manifests in the form of microaggressions in everyday discourse by men and women alike. Perpetuators of microaggressions are often unaware of the hidden messages embedded in their discourse; similarly, targets of microaggressions are often left with a degree of uncertainty regarding the meaning of the discriminatory act. Existing literature regarding the psychological effects of microaggressions consistently supports a relationship between the experience of microaggressions and psychological distress among members of marginalized groups. The present study proposed membership and public gender collective self-esteem (CSE) as moderators in the relationship between the experience of perceived gender microaggressions and psychological distress in women. A total of 172 women in the United States participated by completing an online survey. Results of a moderated hierarchical regression suggested that none of the four domains of gender CSE significantly moderated the relationship between perceived gender microaggressions and psychological distress among women. Bivariate correlation analyses, however, suggested that as levels of membership, private, and public CSE increase, levels of psychological distress decreased. Additionally, correlation analyses revealed as levels of perceived gender microaggressions increased, so did levels of psychological distress. Finally, as levels of perceived gender microaggressions increased, levels of membership, private, and public CSE decreased.
|Commitee:||Dudley, Mike, Segrist, Dan|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 54/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Gender studies|
|Keywords:||Collective self esteem, Gender, Microaggressions|
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