Nursing shortage in the United States has led to difficulties in the orientation of new nurses in critical care units. Preceptors are experienced nurses who possess the necessary skills in the care of patients with complex problems but do not necessarily posses the required teaching skills.
New graduate nurses are hired to bridge the gap in staffing shortage and look upon preceptors as role models and mentors. When preceptors assume the role of teacher and mentor they need to demonstrate the necessary characteristics for effectively imparting knowledge and skills to new nurses. A preceptor training program is designed by some hospitals as a strategy to provide preceptors with the necessary guidance in the supervision of nurse orientees. Other hospitals do not provide preceptor training and depend solely on the clinical expertise of preceptors utilizing them as teachers and mentors. This study investigated the impact of preceptor training on the effectiveness of preceptors based on the core characteristics of effective teachers: teaching ability; nursing competence; evaluation; teacher personality; and interpersonal relationship.
Survey questionnaire developed by Knox and Mogan (1985) describing the core characteristics of effective teachers was used in the study. Sample participants were preceptors and orientees in critical care areas in four hospitals in New York. A quasi-experimental design was used in the study and data analyzed through correlation and multiple regression.
Keywords: preceptors. orientees, preceptor program, critical care
|Commitee:||Fitzpatrick, Joyce, Lejter, Nelly|
|School:||New England College|
|Department:||Doctorate of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- New Hampshire|
|Source:||DAI-B 76/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational leadership, Teacher education, Nursing|
|Keywords:||Critical care, Orientation, Preceptor, Preceptor effectiveness, Preceptor training, Teaching characteristics|
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