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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Gender, Athlete Status, and Bystander Intervention in Situations of Sexual Violence
by Hill, Deborah L., M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2014, 101; 1585859
Abstract (Summary)

The prevalence of sexual violence on college campuses has reached an alarming level. With some reports indicating that almost 20% of women experience attempted or completed rape after entering college, the call for intervention is at an all-time high (Krebs et al., 2009). One of the more recent and successful interventions has come in the form of bystander intervention, which calls upon the people around when the potential for a sexually violent situation develops and encourages them to step up and intervene (Banyard, Plante, Moynihan, 2005). This study looked into how college student athletes were different than their non-athlete peers on measures of willingness to intervene and actual intervention behaviors in situations of sexual violence. Intervention behavior was measured in terms of total opportunities to intervene, total intervention actions, total inactions, the proportion of actions per opportunity, and the proportion of inactions per opportunity. For any effect of athlete status on bystander intention or behavior, these potential mediators were investigated: drinking behavior, rape supportive attitudes, exposure to sexual violence education, and social connectedness. A two-way analysis of variance indicated gender and athlete status main effects and interactions. Several regression models explored the relationships of the potential mediating variables with these effects. Athletes were less willing to intervene but reported more frequent intervention behavior than non-athletes. Drinking behavior mediated the relationship between athlete status and willingness to intervene. These results indicate the field of bystander intervention should tailor intervention techniques to fit the student athlete population, and further to include in this intervention a discussion of how drinking behavior inhibits willingness to intervene in situations of sexual violence.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Brown, Amy
Commitee: Perkins, Rick, Smith, Scott
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 54/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Womens studies, Criminology, Public policy
Keywords: Bystander behavior, Bystander intention, Bystander intervention, Sexual violence, Student athletes, Willingness to intervene
Publication Number: 1585859
ISBN: 978-1-321-65564-3
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