The limit of drilling ERD comes from the excessive friction between the drill string and borehole. This study investigates the potential of increasing the limit of horizontal displacement through optimization of drilling fluid and bottom hole assemblies. We conclude that lubricating bottom hole with water can significantly increase the maximum permissible WOB. This effect is more pronounced in drilling tight sands than shales with gas. Cooling the bottom hole with gas expansion after bit nozzles can greatly increase the maximum permissible WOB in drilling formations with geothermal temperatures above 200 °C. Three mathematical methods have been developed for calculating the limit of horizontal displacement in extended drilling with gas. The Rigorous Method is recommended because it gives conservative result. Among several factors affecting the ERD with gas, friction coefficient and the weight of pipe in the horizontal section are the two controlling factors. Adequate weight of BHA in the curve section should be used to overcome the friction.
|Commitee:||Boukadi, Fathi, Guo, Boyun, Hayatdavoudi, Asadollah|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||MAI 54/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Extended reach drilling, Force transformation, Gas drilling, Weight on bit|
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