The Hispanic population is the fastest growing ethnicity in the United States, with two-thirds of this growth accounted for by births in the country. Yet, the Hispanic population still remains the target of discrimination and prejudice. Furthermore, there is a generational trend towards worse health outcomes in the U.S. Hispanic population, known as the Hispanic Paradox. Given that behavioral, health, and mental health problems in the Hispanic population is increasing along with the growth in later generation Hispanics, there is an important need to explore the factors in the Hispanic Paradox that may be relevant for preventive public health.
The literature suggests that cultural factors associated with acculturation, such as strength of ethnic identity and perceived discrimination likely play a role in the Hispanic Paradox. This study investigates a functional interpretation of the existing research in terms of psychological flexibility, with the goal of integrating descriptive accounts of the phenomena into a functional construct that can be used in therapeutic and community settings. More specifically, it was hypothesized that psychological flexibility processes would mediate the relationship between strength of ethnic identity and perceived discrimination, and mental health.
A sample of Hispanics (n = 177) completed surveys with questions about their generation status, strength of ethnic identity, perceived discrimination, psychological flexibility and mental health. Mediation models were created using SEM (structural equation modeling) to test for the relationships between psychological flexibility processes (experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, valued living), generation status, acculturation factors, and mental health. In line with previous research, later generation Hispanics were more likely to experience psychological stress. As predicted, results suggest that acculturation factors mediate the relationship between generation status and psychological flexibility, and that psychological flexibility mediates the relationship between acculturation factors and mental health.
|Commitee:||Breaux, Brooke, Sandoz, Emily, Villatte, Matthieu|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||MAI 54/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Social psychology, Hispanic American studies|
|Keywords:||Hispanic paradox, Psychological flexibility|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be