Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

High School Students Reading Informational Texts: A Comparison of Written and Video Response Modalities
by Bartlett, Melissa Ellis, Ph.D., North Carolina State University, 2014, 236; 3690206
Abstract (Summary)

This two-phase mixed methods study explored how generating a video response might impact high school students’ comprehension of informational texts. Research indicates that using external visualization while reading can improve text comprehension and recall. One emerging technology that supports external visualization is digital video. Research on student-generated video points to positive impacts on engagement, but the use of digital video as a possible support for increased student comprehension remains unexamined. This study compared high school students’ reading comprehension of informational texts under two treatment conditions: an experimental condition requiring student-generated video responses to text and a comparison condition requiring written responses to text. Measures of students’ baseline reading levels and prior content knowledge were collected prior to the instructional treatments. Both instructional groups read the same three informational texts within the same given amount of time. Students then created written or video summaries of what they perceived to be important textual information in the readings. Reading comprehension measures were then administered after each instructional treatment response. Follow up focus group interviews explored student perceptions of reading and responding to the informational texts under the two conditions. The qualitative data indicated that while students enjoyed responding to informational texts by creating student-generated video, some students believed that the mode would not help and it might actually lower their reading comprehension scores on multiple choice and constructed response texts. The quantitative data produced no significant treatment effect, positive or negative; however, additional investigation identified class placement as an uncontrolled variable with significant influence on student reading comprehension of informational texts. Additional research is needed to further investigate the potential influence out-of-school student digital literacies, such as student-generated video, might have on measurable in-school reading comprehension of informational text.

Indexing (document details)
School: North Carolina State University
Department: Curriculum and Instruction
School Location: United States -- North Carolina
Source: DAI-A 76/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Language arts, Educational evaluation, Secondary education, Reading instruction, Educational technology
Keywords: Digital video, Dual coding theory, External visualization, New literacies, Student-generated video, Visualization
Publication Number: 3690206
ISBN: 978-1-321-58252-9
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