Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Removal of mixed acids from aqueous solution
by Abdulrahman, Aymn, Ph.D., The University of Maine, 2014, 211; 3662514
Abstract (Summary)

Carboxylic acids are commonly generated in biorefinery operations such as fermentation or aqueous extraction of hemicellulose feedstocks. In most cases, organic acids are generated as dilute components in aqueous streams. If they can be recovered from solution inexpensively they may find value as pure chemical products or as starting materials for a wide variety of organic products, including biofuels.

Liquid-liquid extraction is a separation method applied to recover mixed carboxylic acids from a fermented wood extract. These acids included: acetic, propionic, butyric, valeric, caproic and heptanoic acids. An organic solution, such as trialkylphosphine oxide (CYANEX 923, a mixture of four trialkylphosphine oxides), was mixed with fermented wood extract to extract these acids. Although the extraction was highly effective, however it was shown that distillation was not able to recover these acids from the extraction solvent.

In this study, after liquid-liquid extraction of the acids from the aqueous phase, the mixed acids are recovered from the organic phase by a back extraction with sodium hydroxide. The mixture is agitated and centrifuged to separate the organic and aqueous phases. Results present the extraction and recovery efficiencies of this method of recovery organic acids.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: vanWalsum, Peter
School: The University of Maine
School Location: United States -- Maine
Source: DAI-B 76/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Chemical engineering
Publication Number: 3662514
ISBN: 9781321634730
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