This research project examines the effects of trade openness, European Union membership and Schengen area participation on heroin trafficking in Europe. Heroin seizure data between the years 1997 and 2009 selected from 22 countries in Western Europe and along the Balkan Route, a popular trade route for heroin trafficking, were analyzed in three separate regression analyses to determine the effects of trade openness, European Union membership and Schengen area participation on heroin interdiction. The results indicate that trade openness has a weak but statistically significant negative effect on heroin seizures, while both European Union membership and Schengen area participation have a strong, statistically significant negative effect on heroin seizures, with Schengen participation having the stronger effect of the two. In other words, European Union membership and participation in the Schengen agreement appear to reduce a country's capability to interdict drug traffic, as hypothesized in this study. Implications of these findings suggest a need for increased attention and support regarding border control and customs enforcement in European Union countries upholding frontier borders, as well as for candidate countries and new European Union member countries implementing the Schengen Agreement.
|School Location:||United States -- Missouri|
|Source:||MAI 54/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||International law, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Border control, Drug trafficking, European Union, Heroin trafficking, Schengen area, Trade openness|
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