The ~5.6-4.8 Ma Bouse Formation, exposed along the lower Colorado River, contains a well exposed but debated record of river integration. Sedimentologic and stratigraphic analysis aid interpretation of depositional processes, relative water depth, depositional environments, stratal architecture, and basin-filling history. Data collected include detailed measured sections, facies descriptions, and fault measurements. Seven lithologically distinct units have been identified along with numerous marine sedimentary structures and fossils. The Bouse Formation preserves a systematic sequence-stratigraphic architecture that records two cycles of base level rise and fall. Lacustrine versus estuarine interpretation remains elusive, though new isotope and micropaleontology data suggest a shift from marine to lacustrine. Constructed stratigraphic facies panels reveal a wedging geometry indicative of syn- to post-depostional tilting, leading us to propose a "sag basin" model during deposition of the Bouse. Finally, the newly described Bouse upper limestone unit resolves a long-standing debate over the age of the first through-going river.
|Advisor:||Dorsey, Rebecca J.|
|Commitee:||Miller, Marli B., Retallack, Gregory J.|
|School:||University of Oregon|
|School Location:||United States -- Oregon|
|Source:||MAI 54/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Bouse formation, Colorado plateau, Colorado river, Mixed carbonate and siliciclastic, Sag basin, Sedimentology and stratigraphy|
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